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OpenShift Installation Methods - Examples

Gini Gini Follow · 17 mins read
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Reference Installing an OKD 4.5 Cluster

Install OpenShift 4.x

How to install OpenShift 4 on Bare Metal - (UPI) (Video)

Method I - Setup an OpenShift All-In-One

Install required packages

yum install ansible docker wget -y
systemctl enable docker
systemctl start docker

Disable Firewall

Or you have to open required ports.

systemctl disable firewalld
systemctl stop firewalld

Installing OpenShift CLI

Method 1 - Standard CentOS repositories

yum -y install centos-release-openshift-origin39
yum -y install origin-clients

Method 2 - Download and extract openshift origin

Create a directory for data (anywhere)

mkdir /data
cd /data

Check the latest version if you need.

wget "https://github.com/openshift/origin/releases/download/v3.11.0/openshift-origin-client-tools-v3.11.0-0cbc58b-linux-64bit.tar.gz"
tar -xzvf openshift-origin-client-tools-v3.11.0-0cbc58b-linux-64bit.tar.gz 
cd openshift-origin-client-tools-v3.11.0-0cbc58b-linux-64bit

Add the directory you untarred the release into to your path:

export PATH=$PATH:/data/openshift-origin-client-tools-v3.11.0-0cbc58b-linux-64bit/

# or

export PATH=$PATH:`pwd`

Configure the Docker daemon with an insecure registry parameter of 172.30.0.0/16

cat > /etc/docker/daemon.json <<DELIM
{
   "insecure-registries": [
     "172.30.0.0/16"
   ]
}
DELIM

Restart docker service

service docker restart

Initiate cluster

oc cluster up --base-dir="/data/clusterup" --public-hostname=<IP>
  • --base-dir=BASE_DIR : Directory on Docker host for cluster up configuration

(oc cluster up –public-hostname=35.239.51.76 –routing-suffix=35.239.51.76.xip.io) openshift.local.clusterup/openshift-controller-manager/openshift-master.kubeconfig

Ref:

  • https://github.com/openshift/origin/blob/release-3.11/docs/cluster_up_down.md
  • https://medium.com/@fabiojose/working-with-oc-cluster-up-a052339ea219

Add a user

# oc create user redhat
user.user.openshift.io/redhat created
# oc adm policy add-cluster-role-to-user cluster-admin redhat
cluster role "cluster-admin" added: "redhat"

Method II - Setup minishift

Setup Virtual Environment

Install minishift

  • Download and manually install minishift.
  • On mac brew cask install minishift (in case of issue to install, try export HOMEBREW_NO_ENV_FILTERING=1)

Start minishift cluster

minishift start --vm-driver virtualbox

## setup VirtualBox Permanently
minishift config set vm-driver virtualbox

Once started, access the console using url or open in browser

minishift console

Setup oc access

$ minishift oc-env
export PATH="/home/john/.minishift/cache/oc/v1.5.0:$PATH"

## Run this command to configure your shell:
# eval $(minishift oc-env)

Method III - OpenShift 4 - OKD - All in One Quick Cluster

https://github.com/openshift/okd/releases

Method IV - OpenShift Full Cluster

OpenSHift 4.x

https://github.com/openshift/okd

Create clouds.yaml

clouds:
  ocp4-dev:
    auth:
      auth_url: http://10.6.1.209:35357/
      project_name: ocp4-dev
      username: ocpadmin
      password: ocpadmin
    region_name: RegionOne

OpenShift 4.2 Installation

https://docs.openshift.com/container-platform/4.2/installing/installing_bare_metal/installing-bare-metal.html

Red Hat OpenShift 4.x Installation (Evaluation)

https://access.redhat.com/documentation/en-us/openshift_container_platform/4.1/html/installing/index

Baremetal Installation

https://access.redhat.com/documentation/en-us/openshift_container_platform/4.1/html/installing/installing-on-bare-metal https://docs.openshift.com/container-platform/4.1/installing/installing_bare_metal/installing-bare-metal.html https://blog.openshift.com/openshift-4-bare-metal-install-quickstart/

OpenShift on Baremetal (UPI)

OpenShift All-In-One - OKD Using Ansible

Ref: https://github.com/Gepardec/ansible-role-okd https://galaxy.ansible.com/gepardec/okd https://computingforgeeks.com/setup-openshift-origin-local-cluster-on-centos/

Extras OpenSHift 4.x

https://github.com/openshift/okd

Create clouds.yaml

clouds:
  ocp4-dev:
    auth:
      auth_url: http://10.6.1.209:35357/
      project_name: ocp4-dev
      username: ocpadmin
      password: ocpadmin
    region_name: RegionOne

OpenShift 4.2 Installation

https://docs.openshift.com/container-platform/4.2/installing/installing_bare_metal/installing-bare-metal.html

OpenShift 4.1 Installation

https://access.redhat.com/documentation/en-us/openshift_container_platform/4.1/html/installing/index

Baremetal Installation

https://access.redhat.com/documentation/en-us/openshift_container_platform/4.1/html/installing/installing-on-bare-metal https://docs.openshift.com/container-platform/4.1/installing/installing_bare_metal/installing-bare-metal.html https://blog.openshift.com/openshift-4-bare-metal-install-quickstart/

https://blog.openshift.com/revamped-openshift-all-in-one-aio-for-labs-and-fun/

Install OpenShift 4.x Cluster on VMWare

https://labs.consol.de/container/platform/openshift/2020/01/31/ocp43-installation-vmware.html

Install Pre-Req

$ sudo yum install wget git vim

Download VMWare root CA certificates to System trust

$ wget https://vcenter.lab.local/certs/download.zip
$ unzip download.zip
$ sudo cp certs/lin/* /etc/pki/ca-trust/source/anchors/
$ sudo update-ca-trust extract

Ref : Adding vCenter root CA certificates to your system trust

Install Terraform

$ sudo yum install -y yum-utils
$ sudo yum-config-manager --add-repo https://rpm.releases.hashicorp.com/RHEL/hashicorp.repo
$ sudo yum -y install terraform

Refer Terraform Installation Methods

Add VMWare Credential

$ cat .config/ocp/vsphere.yaml
vsphere-user: [email protected]
vsphere-password: "123!"
vsphere-server: 192.168.1.100
vsphere-dc: DC1
vsphere-cluster: AZ1

Configure DNS

https://blog.ktz.me/configure-unbound-dns-for-openshift-4/

Create install-config.yaml

apiVersion: v1
baseDomain: lab.local
compute:
- hyperthreading: Enabled
  name: worker
  replicas: 0
controlPlane:
  hyperthreading: Enabled
  name: master
  replicas: 3
metadata:
  name: ocp4
platform:
  vsphere:
    vcenter: 10.6.1.198
    username: [email protected]
    password: supersecretpassword
    datacenter: DC1
    defaultDatastore: AZ1
fips: false 
pullSecret: 'YOUR_PULL_SECRET'
sshKey: 'YOUR_SSH_PUBKEY'

Init Cluster

## Creating Installer Configuration File
$ ./openshift-install create install-config --dir=ocp46 --log-level=debug

## Generating Kubernetes Manifests
$ ./openshift-install create manifests --dir=ocp46 --log-level=debug

## Make master nodes schedulable
## edit ocp46/manifests/cluster-scheduler-02-config.yml and make 
$ cat manifests/cluster-scheduler-02-config.yml
apiVersion: config.openshift.io/v1
kind: Scheduler
metadata:
  creationTimestamp: null
  name: cluster
spec:
  mastersSchedulable: true
  policy:
    name: ""
status: {}

## Generating Ignition Configuration Files
$ ./openshift-install create ignition-configs --dir=ocp46 --log-level=debug

## Create the cluster
$ ./openshift-install create cluster --dir=ocp46 --log-level=debug

## NOTE; In a pre-existing infrastructure installation, you cannot use the openshift-install 
## create cluster command to deploy the cluster because you have already installed the cluster nodes. 
## The bootstrap node installation triggers the cluster installation, so execute the following command 
## sequence to monitor the cluster installation:
[[email protected] ~]$ openshift-install wait-for bootstrap-complete --dir=ocp46 --log-level=debug
[[email protected] ~]$ openshift-install wait-for install-complete --dir=ocp46 --log-level=debug
## openshift-install wait-for commands do not trigger the cluster installation. 
## It is a recommended practice to use them to monitor the cluster installation.

Monitoring OpenShift Installations

$ export KUBECONFIG=ocp46/auth/kubeconfig

Deleting a Cluster

## destroy a cluster
$ ./openshift-install destroy cluster --dir=$HOME/ocp46-cluster

baremetal

https://docs.openshift.com/container-platform/4.3/installing/installing_bare_metal/installing-bare-metal.html#cluster-entitlements_installing-bare-metal

Deploy OpenShift Using OpenShift Installer (AWS)

(27 Jan 2021)

Installer configures entire cloud infrastructure:

  • VMs
  • Load balancers
  • Storage
  • Networking
  • Other resources

Using OpenShift Installer

openshift-install create cluster --dir=$HOME/mycluster

Installer prompts for

  • SSH public key
  • Platform: aws
  • Region: Default in AWS is us-east-1
  • Base domain: Public route 53 domain, needs to exist prior to installation
  • Cluster name: Must be unique within AWS account
  • Pull secret: From Get Started with OpenShift as single-line JSON

Setup Bastion Host

  • Create a bastion node and login to the host.
$ ssh [email protected]
$ echo $GUID
d0ce

Configure Bastion VM to Run OpenShift Installer

Install AWS CLI

# Download the latest AWS Command Line Interface
curl "https://s3.amazonaws.com/aws-cli/awscli-bundle.zip" -o "awscli-bundle.zip"
unzip awscli-bundle.zip

# Install the AWS CLI into /bin/aws
./awscli-bundle/install -i /usr/local/aws -b /bin/aws

# Validate that the AWS CLI works
aws --version

# Clean up downloaded files
rm -rf /root/awscli-bundle /root/awscli-bundle.zip

Download OpenShift Installation Binary

OCP_VERSION=4.6.4
wget https://mirror.openshift.com/pub/openshift-v4/clients/ocp/${OCP_VERSION}/openshift-install-linux-${OCP_VERSION}.tar.gz
tar zxvf openshift-install-linux-${OCP_VERSION}.tar.gz -C /usr/bin
rm -f openshift-install-linux-${OCP_VERSION}.tar.gz /usr/bin/README.md
chmod +x /usr/bin/openshift-install

Download and Install OC CLI

wget https://mirror.openshift.com/pub/openshift-v4/clients/ocp/${OCP_VERSION}/openshift-client-linux-${OCP_VERSION}.tar.gz
tar zxvf openshift-client-linux-${OCP_VERSION}.tar.gz -C /usr/bin
rm -f openshift-client-linux-${OCP_VERSION}.tar.gz /usr/bin/README.md
chmod +x /usr/bin/oc
  • Check that the OpenShift installer and CLI are in /usr/bin:
ls -l /usr/bin/{oc,openshift-install}

# Setup auto-completion
oc completion bash >/etc/bash_completion.d/openshift
  • logout from root

Configure AWS CLI Credential

export AWSKEY=<YOURACCESSKEY>
export AWSSECRETKEY=<YOURSECRETKEY>
export REGION=us-east-2

mkdir $HOME/.aws
cat << EOF >>  $HOME/.aws/credentials
[default]
aws_access_key_id = ${AWSKEY}
aws_secret_access_key = ${AWSSECRETKEY}
region = $REGION
EOF

# test AWS Access
aws sts get-caller-identity
  • Open https://www.openshift.com/try and select “Try it in the Cloud”, Select AWS
  • Choose “Installer-Provisioned-Infrastructure”
  • Copy the Pull Secret (save to file for copy)

  • Create an ssh key pair
ssh-keygen -f ~/.ssh/cluster-${GUID}-key -N ''

Install OpenShift Container Platform

  • Installer will generate Ignition configs for the bootstrap, master, and worker machines.
  • The process for bootstrapping a cluster looks like the following:
    • The bootstrap machine boots and starts hosting the remote resources required for the master machines to boot.
    • The master machines fetch the remote resources from the bootstrap machine and finish booting.
    • The master machines use the bootstrap node to form an etcd cluster.
    • The bootstrap node starts a temporary Kubernetes control plane using the newly created etcd cluster.
    • The temporary control plane schedules the production control plane to the master machines.
    • The temporary control plane shuts down, yielding to the production control plane.
    • The bootstrap node injects OpenShift-specific components into the newly formed control plane.
    • The installer then tears down the bootstrap node.
  • The result of this bootstrapping process is a fully running OpenShift cluster. The cluster will then download and configure the remaining components needed for day-to-day operation, including the creation of worker machines on supported platforms.

Run OpenShift Installer

Run the OpenShift installer and answer the prompts:

  • Select your Public Key (which you have created earlier)
  • Select aws as the Platform.
  • Select any Region near you.
  • Select cluster.yourdomain.com as the Base Domain.
  • For the Cluster Name, type cluster-101 (or any other name)
  • When prompted, paste the contents of your Pull Secret in JSON format. Do not include any spaces or white characters and make sure it is in one line
$ openshift-install create cluster --dir $HOME/cluster-101

# Sample answers
? SSH Public Key /home/user/.ssh/cluster-101-key.pub
? Platform aws
INFO Credentials loaded from the "default" profile in file "/home/user/.aws/credentials"
? Region us-east-2 (Ohio)
? Base Domain cluster.yourdomain.com
? Cluster Name cluster-101
? Pull Secret [? for help] ***************************************************************************************************************************************************************

# wait for installer to finish

*********************************************
INFO Creating infrastructure resources...
INFO Waiting up to 20m0s for the Kubernetes API at https://api.cluster-d0ce.d0ce.sandbox1072.opentlc.com:6443... 
INFO API v1.19.0+9f84db3 up
INFO Waiting up to 30m0s for bootstrapping to complete...
INFO Destroying the bootstrap resources...        
INFO Waiting up to 40m0s for the cluster at https://api.cluster-d0ce.d0ce.sandbox1072.opentlc.com:6443 to initialize... 
INFO Waiting up to 10m0s for the openshift-console route to be created... 
INFO Install complete!
INFO To access the cluster as the system:admin user when using 'oc', run 'export KUBECONFIG=/home/gineesh.madapparambath-fujitsu.c/cluster-d0ce/auth/kubeconfig'
INFO Access the OpenShift web-console here: https://console-openshift-console.apps.cluster-d0ce.d0ce.sandbox1072.opentlc.com
INFO Login to the console with user: "kubeadmin", and password: "6TVYn-33gLY-7ZjrA-eqRQE" 
INFO Time elapsed: 37m56s
  • Make note of the following items from the output of the install command:
    • The location of the kubeconfig file, which is required for setting the KUBECONFIG environment variable and, as suggested, sets the OpenShift user ID to system:admin.
    • The kubeadmin user ID and associated password (GEveR-tBVTB-jJUJB-iC9Jn in the example).
    • The password for the kubeadmin user is also written into the auth/kubeadmin-password file.
    • The URL of the web console - (https://console-openshift-console.apps.cluster-.sandbox.opentlc.com in the example) and the credentials (again) to log into the web console.
  • Refer ${HOME}/cluster-101/.openshift_install.log for logs and troubleshooting.

multi-step installation.

# Create the installation configuration: 
openshift-install create install-config --dir $HOME/cluster-${GUID}.

# Update the generated install-config.yaml file—for example, change the AWS EC2 instance types.

# Create the YAML manifest templates: 
openshift-install create manifests --dir $HOME/cluster-${GUID}
#  Changing the manifest templates is unsupported.

# Create the YAML manifests:
openshift-install create manifests --dir $HOME/cluster-${GUID}
#  Changing the manifests is unsupported.

# Create the Ignition configuration files: 
openshift-install create ignition-configs --dir $HOME/cluster-${GUID}
# Changing the Ignition configuration files is unsupported.

# Install the cluster: 
openshift-install create cluster --dir $HOME/cluster-${GUID}.

# To delete the cluster, use: 
openshift-install destroy cluster --dir $HOME/cluster-${GUID}.

Clean Up Cluster

openshift-install destroy cluster --dir $HOME/cluster-${GUID}

# Delete all of the files created by the OpenShift installer:
rm -rf $HOME/.kube
rm -rf $HOME/cluster-${GUID}

Validate Cluster

# Setup CLI
export KUBECONFIG=$HOME/cluster-${GUID}/auth/kubeconfig
echo "export KUBECONFIG=$HOME/cluster-${GUID}/auth/kubeconfig" >>$HOME/.bashrc

$ oc whoami
system:admin

# get console and login with kubeadmin & password from installation log
$ oc whoami --show-console
https://console-openshift-console.apps.cluster-d0ce.d0ce.sandbox1072.opentlc.com

OpenShift Installation on Red Hat Virtualization (RHV)/oVirt

Refer same steps in VMWare Setup

Requirements

DNS

  1. API DNS - eg: api.ocp46.ocp4.lab.local
  2. Apps Wildcard - eg: *.apps.ocp46.ocp4.lab.local

Troubleshooting OpenShift Installation

Installing Red Hat Advanced Cluster Management (ACM) for Kubernetes

Setup environment for the ACM Installation

  • Setup OpenShift cluster and verify
$ oc get machinesets -n openshift-machine-api
## you need to use larger instance but for demo we will skip this part

Create a new OpenShift Project/Namespace for ACM

$ oc new-project open-cluster-management

Create an image-pull secret

$ oc create secret docker-registry YOUR_SECRET_NAME \
  --docker-server=registry.access.redhat.com/rhacm1-tech-preview \
  --docker-username=YOUR_REDHAT_USERNAME \
  --docker-password=YOUR_REDHAT_PASSWORD
$ oc create secret docker-registry image-pull-secret --docker-server=registry.access.redhat.com/rhacm1-tech-preview --docker-username=[email protected]='[email protected]#T#2019'

Install ACM and subscribe to the ACM Operator group

## create OperatorGroup - acm-operator.yaml
apiVersion: operators.coreos.com/v1
kind: OperatorGroup
metadata:
  name: acm-operator
spec:
  targetNamespaces:
  - open-cluster-management

## create it
$ oc apply -f acm-operator.yaml

## Create ACM Subscription - acm-subscription.yaml
apiVersion: operators.coreos.com/v1alpha1
kind: Subscription
metadata:
  name: acm-operator-subscription
spec:
  sourceNamespace: openshift-marketplace
  source: redhat-operators
  channel: release-1.0
  installPlanApproval: Automatic
  name: advanced-cluster-management

## create it
$ oc apply -f acm-subscription.yaml

Install ACM and subscribe using the OpenShift web console

  • Open OpenShift Web Console
  • OperatorHub -> Search advanced cluster -> Find Advanced Cluster Management for Kubernetes
  • Select Project, Version and do install
  • Wait for Operator Installation to be completed

Create the MultiClusterHub resource

## Create the MultiClusterHub from the CLI
## create the file
apiVersion: operators.open-cluster-management.io/v1beta1
kind: MultiClusterHub
metadata:
  name: multiclusterhub
  namespace: open-cluster-management
spec:
  imagePullSecret: YOUR_SECRET_NAME

## create it
$ oc apply -f multicluster-acm.yaml

From Console -> Select installed operator -> Select Advanced Cluster Management for Kubernetes -> Goto MultiClusterHub -> Create new

Verify the ACM installation

-> Check events in Advanced Cluster Management for Kubernetes -> Check Route and Access it

References

References

Gini
Written by Gini Follow
Backpacker, Foodie, Techie

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